Critical Area Protection
certain critical areas within the event venue. These areas require special attention because of the effect that disruption or other problems in these areas could have on the event itself. Critical areas within the venue include, but are not limited to:
parking areas and loading docks
key event rooms
VIP areas and media areas
ventilation and HVAC systems
food and refreshment set-ups, and
These areas may require either further access restrictions, increased package inspection, increased lighting and security monitoring, a method for detecting tampering, or a combination of all of the above, in addition to other site-specific measures.
Parking lots, especially those beneath the event venue, are vulnerable to large vehicle bombs and are also likely places for personal assaults. Loading docks are also vulnerable to the introduction of large bombs disguised as some other item, and they are a source of entry for those seeking to avoid the scrutiny of other access points.
Key event rooms make ideal targets for individuals who intend to disrupt the event, and VIP rooms and media areas are also attractive to potential disrupters who have an agenda they want to have publicized. VIP rooms are doubly attractive because they house the "controversial" special guest who may be the focus of an assault. Security plans should address emergency evacuation from or problem containment within these areas. Safe rooms where VIPs can be taken should be planned in advance.
When evaluating these security measures, you must carefully weigh the deterrent and preventive value they offer against the threat level, as well as the reactive preparedness of the security team. The plan must be designed and implemented by a qualified security service team with the experience to win the confidence of event management and local emergency responders. For any plan to work, the decision makers have to trust the security advisers, and that trust can only come when the security planner is absolutely confident that the security measures are necessary, reasonable, and can be implemented with minimal inconvenience to attendees and staff.